In practice, two means of developing violets from seeds are used: sowing seeds instantly in the open ground or pre-cultivation of germ. The latter method is considered more effective, since when utilizing it, you can get flowering plants from the present calendar year.
To get high-quality planting cloth, sowing seedlings must be performed of the last ten years of February or in March. To carry out such activities after mid-spring isn’t wise, since the seeds are stored in the open field in the last decade of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and calibrated seeds may be sown in any container, including plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. To prepare the nutrient mixture, ingredients like garden soil, humus moyakovka.ru and peat are utilized. All components are obtained in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
While employing the traditional system of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are created in the nutrient strand using a pencil, the space between the rows will be about 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are set in the made holes every 2 centimeters and covered by soil. Now, it’s necessary to water the plants with water and cover the container with transparent film. After that, the containers are put in a warm room with a temperature of 20 – 25 degrees. Care for seedlings
The very first sprouts of pansies usually appear in 7-10 days in the time of sowing. A afterward sprouting of seeds comes from the cases of:
- The use of planting substance;
- in the event of filling that the seeds with a thick layer of soil;
- when employing a mineral of the wrong composition, for instance, clay dirt.
Growing violets from seeds: when to plant, planting and maintenance, species and varieties
After sprouting, the plants should be located on a well-lit windowsill. At the spring period, the direct rays of sunlight pansies are not afraid, therefore containers with seedlings may be put in the southern portion of the flat surface. After sprouting, the purple has quite strong stalks, but this doesn’t necessarily mean that you will need to immediately eliminate the film from the container.
Viola needs a fantastic watering, however, moistening the soil ought to be completed since the upper coating dries. To execute such measures, it is well worth using melt or rain water. Normal tap water should preferably stand for 2-3 days. Plants are frightened of overwatering, as a higher concentration of water in the soil can cause rotting of their flower roots. Picking up violets
Transplant young plants into new containers needs to be when the first two leaves are formed. Pansies aren’t terrified of transplanting, they take root in a fresh nutritious substrate despite minor damage to the immune system, which sometimes happens when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a bit slower in growth, but the overall performance is not affected.
Using a lack of light or cramped space on the window sill, violet seedlings can stretch out. To get an excellent healthy flower, such cultures when selecting at a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will provide an opportunity to receive extra roots on the underground area of the stemcells. Pruning
Such an occasion as stem pruning allows you to attain a greater tillering of the culture. Such steps are completed following the look of 5-6 true leaves.
Planting of garden violets at a permanent location is contingent on the climatic features of a particular region. Such actions should be carried out with the start of warm warm weather in the past ten years of April or in the initial days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well-intentioned area.
After digging the dirt for each planting hole, then add crushed charcoal at moderate fraction of 200 g and the exact same amount of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils consisting of peat, humus and sod dirt in equal proportions with an accession of half of the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent place, ready seedlings are put on the plot every 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the formerly dug holes covered with soil. Then compact the dirt round the bushes and water the plants using warm water. When developing backyard violets, it’s necessary to divide the bushes in the plantings every three decades.
Maybe not every gardener will want to take care of the farming of pansies seedlings, because it’s rather a troublesome task. Such operations should be carried out in late May or early June. To acquire the flowering of this culture the subsequent year, in early spring, the seeds should be sown in August.